Herodotus book 2 histories by herodotus

Despite herodotus s historical significance, little is known about his personal life. As it has survived, the history is divided into nine books the division is not the authors. The history book ii great books of the western world. The history of herodotus by herodotus written 440 b. Egyptians, preferring cleanliness to comeliness, practice circumcision. Sep 03, 2019 i really enjoyed this book because it is the first book of history ever written by man. He is known for having written the book the histories greek. Herodotus often accepted stories and reputations uncritically and reported them as facts. Moreover the naming of almost all the gods has come to hellas from egypt. At the beginning of the histories, herodotus sets out his reasons for writing it.

The histories of herodotus is considered the founding work of history in western literature. Summary of and commentary on herodotus histories, book 7. The rise of the persian empire is chronicled, and the causes for the conflict. Its interesting that while the graphic novelmovie 300 is intensely fictional, there are many details that come right from the account of herodotus concerning the. One of the most important works of history in western literature, by the freshest and liveliest of all classical greek prose authors, herodotus s histories is also a key text for the study of ancient greece and the persian empire. So its fitting that, through herodotus book, the english patient reveals his own history. Compelled by his desire to prevent the traces of human events from being erased by time, herotodus recounts the incidents preceding and following the persian wars.

The histories herodotus translated by george rawlinson book 1 these are the researches of herodotus of halicarnassus, which he publishes, in the hope of thereby preserving from decay the remembrance of what men have done, and of preventing the great and wonderful actions of the greeks and the barbarians from. Nile river overflows every year, flooding the surrounding lands as far as 2 days of travel. The histories of herodotus of halicarnassus, volume 1. Herodotus is not just the father of history, he is also the father of ethnography, and his description of the egyptians suggests that they often do the opposite of whatever the greeks do. Cambyses ii, kabujiya, 530522 bce in books 2 and 3. The main characters of this classics, non fiction story are. I really enjoyed this book because it is the first book of history ever written by man.

The book shows literature and historys power to repair. Herodotus histories full audiobook book 2 of 3 youtube. The history of herodotus book i the first book of the histories, called clio this is the showing forth of the inquiry of herodotus of halicarnassos, to the end that1 neither the deeds of men may be forgotten by lapse of time, nor the works 2 great and marvellous, which have been produced some by hellenes and some by barbarians, may. The histories of herodotus of halicarnassus is considered the first work of history in western literature. Her name is derived from the greek word meaning delight. The history of herodotus by herodotus the internet classics archive. The histories also known as the history of herodotus is considered the founding work of history in western literature. Books viix contain the history of the wars, culminating in an account of the. The biblical writers borrowed from it to create characters such as the judges samson. Histories book 2 the history of egypt summary course hero.

Herodotus attempts to relate the whole history of the kings of egypt, although he does not describe all 350 pharaohs he claims have ruled the country. Book vi of the histories is one of herodotus most varied books, beginning with the final collapse of the ionian revolt and moving on to the athenian triumph at marathon 490 bc. The history of herodotus volume 2 by herodotus free ebook. This is a chapterbychapter summary, with occasional notes, of the histories of herodotus, based mostly on the translation by peter greene 1987, with occasional reference to translations by a. The history book ii book 2 is named after the greek muse euterpe. Herodotus description of egypt dominates book ii of the histories. The histories of herodotus is now considered the founding work of history in western literature.

Pdf the histories book by herodotus free download 716. Book i 299k book ii 249k book iii 221k book iv 230k book v 162k book vi 174k book. Darius i, the great, darayavahush, 522486 bce in books 3, 4, 5 and 6. Online books about this author are available, as is a wikipedia article herodotus. Back to the future cover gallery by various authors great scott. The histories, however, is one of those books where an audiobook helps. He has become known as the father of history for his major work the histories. This happens quite literally in one scene, where hana uses miscellaneous books from the library to repair the stairs. Download it once and read it on your kindle device, pc. Herodotus claims to have traveled extensively around the ancient world, conducting interviews and collecting stories for his book, almost all of which covers territories of the persian empire. In the histories, he describes the expansion of the achaemenid empire under its kings cyrus the great, cambyses, and darius i the great, culminating in xerxes expedition to greece 480 bce, which met with disaster in the naval engagement at salamis and the battles at. Euterpe on the death of cyrus, cambyses his son by cassandane daughter of pharnaspes took the kingdom. Herodotus was a greek writer and geographer credited with being the first historian. The history of herodotus volume 1 by herodotus free ebook.

Permission to reprint in nonprofit venues is hereby granted, although. The histories, herodotus the histories of herodotus is the founding work of history in western literature. Herodotus was an ancient greek historian who lived in the fift. Written in 440 bc in the ionic dialect of classical greek, the histories serves as a record of the ancient traditions, politics, geography, and clashes of various cultures that were known in western asia, northern. Thoughts on book 2 of the histories of herodotus first. Summary of and commentary on herodotus histories, book 7, 2015 your bibliography. Herodotus of halicarnassus 440 bc the histories of herodotus of halicarnassus is considered the first work of history in western literature. Prior to that were the illiad and the oddyse by homer during the 700s b. The publisher has supplied this book in drm free form with digital watermarking.

Book 2 of the histories largely concerns itself with egypt. The histories of herodotus is considered one of the seminal works of history in western literature. The audiobook gives you a good pace and forcemarches you through to the end. Histories classics of world literature series by herodotus. The histories by herodotus book ii, euterpe knowitall to. The history of herodotus volume 2 kindle edition by herodotus. Herodotus describes the birth and rise to power of cyrus, who liberated persia from the medes, and the subsequent expansion of the persian empire until cyrus death during a war with the massagetae. The internet classics archive the history of herodotus by. The history of herodotus, parallel englishgreek index. Thaleia 1 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 110 120 140 150 160. Herodotus the histories book one book two book three book four book five book six book seven book eight book nine. In book 2, herodotus discusses the geography, culture, and history of egypt. Cambyses becomes king of the persian empire 530522 bc.

His plan to conquer egypt gives herodotus the opportunity to dedicate three logoi to the ancient kingdom on the. Book i 299k book ii 249k book iii 221k book iv 230k book v 162k book vi 174k book vii 286k book viii 179k. The first edition of the novel was published in 440, and was written by herodotus. Herodotus lays out the history of egypt until the reign of amasis, the pharaoh that cambyses will defeat in histories. Covering a central and widely studied period of greek history, book v not only describes the revolt of the east greeks against their persian masters, which led to the great persian wars of 490479 bc, but also. In the histories, he describes the expansion of the achaemenid empire under its kings cyrus the great, cambyses, and darius i the great, culminating in xerxes expedition to greece 480 bce, which met with disaster in the naval engagement at salamis. He travelled widely in most of asia minor, egypt as far as assuan, north africa, syria, the country north of the black sea, and many parts of the aegean sea and the mainland of greece. This excursus on the countrys natural and manmade marvels sets the scene for his account of egypts invasion in 525 bce by the persian king cambyses, cyrus son, in the following book. The hippopotamus, in the canton of papremis, is a sacred animal, but not in any other part of egypt.

Without booksthe herodotus book in particularthe gaps between the characters would be unable to bridge. Being the second book of the famous history of herodotus london. Herodotus traveled extensively around the ancient world, conducting interviews and collecting stories for his book. In the histories, he describes the expansion of the achaemenid empire under its kings cyrus the great, cambyses, and darius i the great, culminating in xerxes expedition to greece 480 bce, which met with disaster in the naval engagement at salamis and the battles at plataea and mycale. Herodotus was a greek historian who was born in the 5th century bc in what is now modernday bodrum in turkey then part of the vast persian empire. Sep 21, 20 herodotus traveled extensively around the ancient world, conducting interviews and collecting stories for his book. Godley, read by librivox volunteers, proofed, coordinated, and produced by karen merline. The history of herodotus has been divided into the following sections.

The rise of the persian empire is chronicled, and the causes for the conflict with greece. Free download or read online the histories pdf epub book. Reading herodotus, one can often get bogged down in the loops of geography, people, history, culture and meandre through miles of esoterica. Book 2 summary in book 2, herodotus discusses the geography, zoology, customs, and history of ancient egypt. Herodotus c480c425 is the father of history and his histories are the first piece of western historical writing. Herodotus the great greek historian was born about 484 bce, at halicarnassus in caria, asia minor, when it was subject to the persians. Quite a few comments have been posted about the history of herodotus. The father of history, as cicero called him, and a writer possessed of remarkable narrative gifts, enormous scope, and considerable charm, herodotus has always been beloved by readers wellversed in the classics. The book was published in multiple languages including english, consists of 716 pages and is available in paperback format. Woods, for example, in his edition of the first book published in 1873 gives a list of readings for the first and second books, in which he almost invariably prefers the authority of gronovius to that of stein, where their reports differ. The history of herodotus volume 2 kindle edition by herodotus, g.

Herodotus s subject in his history is the wars between greece and persia 499479 bce and their preliminaries. The present selection includes 3599 of the traditionally numbered 182 sections that make up. Herodotus broke from the then tradition to treat history as one of investigation of. Greek researcher, often called the worlds first historian. Euterpe 1 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 110 120 140 150 160 170 180 book 3. Downloads pdf the histories of herodotus by herodotus. Jul 01, 2001 free kindle book and epub digitized and proofread by project gutenberg. Written in 440 bc in the ionic dialect of classical greek, the histories serves as a record of the ancient traditions, politics, geography, and clashes of various cultures that were known in western asia, northern africa and greece at that time. Written from the 450s to the 420s bc in the ionic dialect of classical greek, the histories serves as a record of the ancient traditions, politics, geography, and clashes of various cultures that were known around the mediterranean and western asia at that time. A contemporary of thucydides, socrates, and euripides he is often called the father of history, initially by no less than cicero.

Written about 440 bc, the histories tell the story of the war between the persian empire and the greek citystates in the 5th century bc. His histories primarily deals with the lives of croesus, cyrus, cambyses, smerdis, darius, and xerxes and the battles of marathon, thermopylae, artemisium, salamis, plataea, and mycale. Histories by herodotus translated by george rawlinson book 2 euterpe. The internet classics archive the history of herodotus. Oct 09, 2017 the histories of herodotus of halicarnassus, volume 1. For anyone with even the slightest interest in ancient history, herodotuss history is compulsory reading an authentic voice from the past that takes us back into the 5th and 6th centuries bce, to let us witness the epochmaking confrontation between the greeks and the all powerful persian empire. Herodotus was born at halicarnassus modern day bodrum, a city of mixed peoples including greeks and carians, on the fringe of the persian empire. Pdf the histories book by herodotus free download 716 pages. The history of herodotus parallel englishgreek english translation. Volume 2 of the histories includes the accounts of the famous battles at thermopylae and salamis. Book 1 book 2 book 3 book 4 book 5 book 6 book 7 book 8 book 9 2. The history of herodotus, volume 2, free pdf global grey. Book 2 of the history, which describes the egyptian land and people, illustrates herodotus s skill as a narrator as well as his weaknesses as a historian. It has the mane and tail of a horse, huge tusks which are very conspicuous, and a voice like a horses neigh.

It is a quadruped, clovenfooted, with hoofs like an ox, and a flat nose. Part of a complete english translation of herodotus. Written from the 450s to the 420s bc it remains one of the wests most important sources. This is the story which i heard from the priests of hephaestus temple at memphis. Written about 440 bc, the histories tell the story of the war between the persian empire and the greek citystates in the 5th. Books iv describe the background to the grecopersian wars. Two of these i do not think it worth while to speak of, further than simply to mention what they are. The history of herodotus, parallel englishgreek, tr. The history of herodotus by herodotus, part of the internet classics archive. The histories of herodotus by herodotus ancient 16052020 2 by.

9 315 1155 988 510 1544 1079 235 807 1325 1617 1417 1186 367 297 1436 1537 53 1476 1467 21 1244 979 923 59 1255 349 602 1339 225 1397 1452 852 442 206 993 369 26